Manufacturing is the production of products for use or sale using labor and machines, tools, chemical or biological processing or formulation and is the essence of secondary industry. The term may refer to a range of human activity from handicraft to high tech but is most applied to industrial design, in which raw materials from primary industry are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished goods may be sold to other manufacturers for the production of other more complex products (such as aircraft, household appliances, furniture, sports equipment or automobiles), or distributed via the tertiary industry to end users and consumers (usually through wholesalers, who in turn sell to retailers, who then sell them to individual customers). Manufacturing engineering or manufacturing process are the steps through which raw materials are transformed into a final product. The manufacturing process begins with the product design, and materials specification from which the product is made. These materials are then modified through manufacturing processes to become the required part. Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central captures and consolidates job costings as they occur to give manufacturers a comprehensive view of production profitability.

Materials Requirements Planning (MRP): for greater accuracy and control in matching material flows and production to current projected demand. MRP is a key resource planning instrument to help reduce stock outages, drive down inventory costs and streamline the production process. Views can be in time format and with full drilldowns to source any MRP quantity.

Manufacturing Bill of Materials: ensure materials are where they should be, when they are needed. Gain tighter control of costs, locations and routings of materials, components and assemblies to maximize production efficiency and lower inventory costs. Features intuitive, graphical “tree views” of Bill of Materials for entry and inquiry. It also provides the means to collect, organize, validate and authorize process and component changes before they are released to the shop floor to ensure that they are strategically sound before they become orders. It tracks detailed production costs; manages work orders, routings, material requirements planning (MRP), work center definitions, work in progress (WIP), outsourced operations and production costings. Facility to “mass change” the status of multiple manufacturing orders at one time.

The tool designs and refine processes to test the quality of incoming raw materials to meet your manufacturing process. Flexible reporting to provide suppliers and customers with customized information on quality assurance testing and processes both quickly and accurately. Additionally, it allows users to create forecasts for a range of items or salespeople and to combine these forecasts into a master forecast. Integrates with Materials Requirements Planning module so that material requirements plans reflect existing sales forecasts and current sales orders. Create statistical forecasting and interactive simulation scenarios with integration into Demand Planner module.

Business Analytics

Business analytics (BA) refers to the skills, technologies, practices for continuous iterative exploration and investigation of past business performance to gain insight and drive business planning. Business analytics focuses on developing new insights and understanding of business performance based on data and statistical methods. In contrast, business intelligence traditionally focuses on using a consistent set of metrics to both measure past performance and guide business planning, which is also based on data and statistical methods. Business analytics through Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central makes extensive use of analytical modeling and numerical analysis, including explanatory and predictive modeling and fact-based management to drive decision making. It is therefore closely related to management science. Analytics may be used as input for human decisions or may drive fully automated decisions. Business intelligence is querying, reporting, online analytical processing, and “alerts.” In other words, querying, reporting, online analytical processing, it is alert tools can answer questions such as what happened, how many, how often, where the problem is, and what actions are needed. Business analytics can answer questions like why this is happening, what if these trends continue, what will happen next (predict), and what is the best outcome that can happen (optimize).

Management Reporter for Microsoft Dynamics ERP: a corporate performance management solution for the Microsoft Dynamics ERP systems allows easy creation and consolidation of financial statements using a “building block” approach with Rows, Columns, Trees and Report Definitions and the familiar user interface used by Microsoft Office applications.

Microsoft Forecaster extracts real-time data from General Ledger to create and manage accurate budgets and plans which can be shared across the management team via a Web-based interface. Easy to learn has the look and feel of a spreadsheet.

Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS): offers customizable reports for Financial, Sales, Purchasing and Manufacturing. Reports are run from Internet Explorer and can be rich with charts and graphs for sharing across the organization or with designated suppliers or contractors. SSRS is often used to produce dashboard type charts for executive management.

SmartList Builder: easy to use, yet powerful query tool to output data (no matter where records reside) based on virtually any specified criteria into a user-friendly format for screen view, for print or for saving in Excel or Word (auto-formatted). Combine and link data from up to 32 separate tables, including third-party dictionaries. Many common data-analysis functions are available in pre-configured SmartList objects that can be downloaded from Microsoft.

Warehouse Management

A warehouse management shall support and optimize warehouse functionality and distribution center management. These systems facilitate management in their daily planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling the utilization of available resources, to move and store materials into, within, and out of a warehouse, while supporting staff in the performance of material movement and storage in and around a warehouse. A warehouse management through Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central is configured to support warehouse operations, containing detail describing a variety of standard warehouse elements including: Individual stock keeping units (SKUs) that are handled and stored, e.g., weight, dimensions, case pack, automatic ID labels (bar codes, etc.), and inventory by location with manufacture date, lot code, etc. SKUs may include basic materials, fabricated parts, assemblies, and industrial and consumer finished goods, etc. Warehouse storage locations, e.g., individual location number, picking sequence, type of use (picking, reserve storage, etc.), type of storage (each, case, pallet), location size or capacity, storage restriction (flammable, hazardous, high value materials, outdoor, etc.), etc. Dock doors, e.g., individual number, etc.; and Expected labor productivity rates by function or activity, e.g., cases picked per man-hour, etc.

Daily management functions that can be done through Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central include

Planning – finalizing the daily plan for receiving dock activity, selecting the workload/orders to be processed in the day or shift, (this may also be done by the business system), and calculating an estimate of the labor and vehicles required to pick and ship the orders to ensure the staffing is appropriate, and to notify carriers regarding to load and depart to meet customer requirements.

Organizing – sequencing the orders to be picked. Organizing orders for picking can be accomplished in many ways, meeting the needs of the user. The primary objective is to be intentional, and not to pick the orders in the sequence in which they were received unless the company wants to pay a carrier make sense for transportation and delivery. The initial way of organizing was called wave planning or wave picking, with two objectives, a. to minimize need for dock staging space, by having orders arrive at the shipping dock in trailer load sequence, and b. to create an order of flow that will support monitoring the progress through the day and eliminate/reduce last minute requests for overtime or delay of carrier departure, etc.

Staffing – assign staff to work functions and areas, by wave, to minimize staging.

Directing – ensuring the documented processes and procedures are embedded in the WMS and are consistently applied, used and appropriate for the nature of the work and service level intentions of the company (e.g., International Standards Organization 9000 ( This function may also be used to divide individual orders into logical work units and the ability to assign them to separate individuals potentially for simultaneous performance, consistent throughput requirements and physical layout, e.g., separating individual case picking from each unit picking, and individual pallet load picking, to improve productivity and support Control.

Controlling – providing milestones for management to monitor progress through the day, providing the opportunity to respond to problems in a timely way, and report data for performance analysis.

Customization Tools

Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central includes customization tools to enable .NET developers to create real-time, transactional connections between Microsoft Dynamics GP and other applications and expansion potential for new features and functionality. It also integrates and incorporate data with a high degree of safety, flexibility and speed from any source, even those not based on Microsoft platforms. Uses a mix of proprietary Microsoft technologies, such as Microsoft BizTalk Server, Component Object Model (COM), the Microsoft .NET Framework, and Microsoft Message Queuing (MSMQ); as well as industry-standard technologies such as Web services and XML.